Disk Partitioning and File-systems in Linux

When you come from a Windows environment, you are most likely familiar with the concept of files and folders (or directories), yet how these are stored and organised, and the ways you can access them are fundamentally different in Linux. If you are a Mac user, some of the below concepts might as well appear familiar (as Macs are also based on UNIX), but there will, of course, be some differences.

Brace yourself, this will be a long one. Really long…